Hazard Mitigation is the process of identifying and addressing hazards with plans to reduce the loss of life and property in the event of natural disasters, and to enable mitigation measures to be implemented during the immediate recovery from a disaster.
Hazard mitigation planning is an important aspect of a successful mitigation program. States and communities use the hazard mitigation planning process to set short and long-range mitigation goals and objectives. Mitigation planning is a collaborative process whereby hazards affecting the community are identified, vulnerability to the hazards are assessed, and consensus reached on how to minimize or eliminate the effects of these hazards. In recognition of the importance of planning, states with an approved enhanced State Mitigation Plan in effect at the time of disaster declaration may receive additional HMGP funding.